Types of coffee, according to the method of preparation

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Espresso, Schwartz or Instant Coffee - How to prepare your favorite drinks?

Much people in the world reach for a cup of coffee with the first drink of the day. This is not only because of its miraculous effects, but because it can not be disconnected from the pleasant flavor and amazing aroma. But what is behind glass and a real quality coffee? The answer is a long process that begins with the cultivation of plant collecting coffee beans, roasting them, grinding, packaging, purchasing, waking in the morning, placing the correct dose of coffee in the coffee machine, charging with water, pressing a button drinking a hot drink with pleasure

espresso-coffee One of the most common forms in which we drink our favorite coffee espresso pleasure. The creation of espresso is a process that requires diligence and attention to detail. Most often common type of coffee suitable for espresso is Robusta variety. It has a high content of caffeine and is cheaper compared to arabic, because of what is used in most commercial brands of coffee. Robusta forms a dense creamy espresso and is less sensitive to temperature. The truth is that espresso blend made from 100% Arabica beans, however, is considered higher quality because its taste is more subtle and more aromatic.

Overall coffee that reaches the market is harvested by machine or by hand at the more expensive varieties of coffee. After being collected and separated from the main casing, the coffee beans are roasted in a rotating drum at about 232 ° C (450 ° F) degrees from 10 to 20 minutes. This is the temperature at which the bake coffee beans, suitable for making espresso. After the baking process need coffee beans to be left from 12 to 36 hours to remove all gases which are created in the course of baking. The process of roasting different causes chemical changes in coffee beans. They most frequently comprise about 1,500 chemicals that interact with each other in order to create the distinctive flavor of the coffee.

So, back to the very process of preparing espresso coffee. Once it is cooked, packaged and come upon you, it is important to prepare the right way. For the preparation of high quality espresso coffee are needed most often between 7 and 8 g. Ground coffee. Once you put the coffee in the coffee machine, its preparation should not take more than 25 to 30 seconds. The rich dark brown cream, called crema or foam on the surface of the cup of coffee is the best indicator of quality properly brewed espresso. Most coffee machines, which are marketed under the name "espresso machine" are not real devices that can provide this cream. These machines mostly make coffee type "Mocha" by pressure steam, which helps the water to pass through ground coffee. Pressure steam, however, generate only up to 1.5 bar, and the making of a true espresso needed 9 bar. An example of quality coffee machine on the Bulgarian market is NESCAFE® Dolce Gusto. It is a coffee machine single dose coffee, which has a professionally designed 15 bar pressure.

Besides producing quality espresso, there are secrets related to its consumption. Italian traditions dictate to drink coffee at 3 to 4 quick sips, then deeply inhaled the aroma of the drink. The ritual ends with the loud noise of the cup on the saucer. Adding sugar to the drink was accepted practice in Italy. However, true connoisseurs believe that really good espresso should be drunk without additives, because only in this way can be perceived quality.
american-coffee

It seems that behind ordinary espresso stand multiple processes and subtleties hidden from the end user. But what is the situation with etc. Schwartz (black) coffee? It is usually lighter than espresso. To prepare a cup of black coffee takes about 2 tablespoons. If espresso coffee is obtained mainly through a small amount of steam and hot water passing through packed finely ground coffee in filter coffee it is not. For its preparation is most often used French press, or a drip coffee maker with such a filter. The process of preparation takes longer, since filter coffee boiling water passes through a large ground coffee for a long time and is strained through the filter in the coffee machine.


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Coffee, which is the most easy to prepare and is a favorite drink of many because of the convenience it offers is instant coffee. This type of coffee is produced in the same manner as each other, and accordingly the coffee is pre-baked in order to emphasize its taste and smell. Most often, the temperature at which the bake is about 165 ° C for 8-15 minutes to allow the beads are baked between 25-75%. In the process using a fluidised and roast than 30 seconds to 4 minutes at a lower temperature to preserve the aroma and flavor of the coffee beans. Once the beans are ground too finely, they are placed in a solution with water to move to the next stage of extracting the extraction of coffee. In this process, the milled grains are crush beneath, water was added and the mixture was heated from 155 to 180 ° C, with which the solution was concentrated to 15-30% by mass of coffee. Then proceed to the last step - removal of water or by heating, known as drying, or by freezing (freeze dry), in order to achieve a finer texture or granules. During the process of dehydration essences of coffee may be lost, but are captured and returned to the already processed coffee. Preparation is very easy and depends on the preferences of each. The more coffee you want, the more coffee you have to put, usually in warm water. An interesting fact is that in Portugal, Spain and India, instant coffee is most often mixed with hot milk instead of boiling water.

turkish-coffee
Despite all the new and interesting methods of brewing, the oldest of them still exist today. Coffee prepared in this most ancient way called Turkish coffee. In its coffee beans are again well cooked and milled very finely (finer than those of espresso). Recommended different types of coffee as a mixture of Robusta, Ethiopian, Colombian or Yemeni coffee. Typical of this type of coffee that is brewed with sugar and water in a copper pot, a very slow fire to the rise of the drink. To prepare a cup of Turkish coffee takes about 1-2 tablespoons of coffee, sugar and a cup of water. In order to obtain a nice crema is important to the pot has a tapered upper portion. After coffee, sit up or starts to boil, it must be removed from the heat, and pour slowly into a suitable cup, so as to keep the cream. Some people recommend coffee to rise more than once for an intense taste, but it is suitable for less roasted coffees. You can tell whether the coffee is roasted much color as a black is, the more is baked.

nescafe-frappe-2The different tastes of people have pushed people to appear and imagination in the way of preparation of coffee. Since the summer nobody likes hot drinks, it occurred and cold coffee, known as ice coffee or frappe . Ice coffee most often prepared with cold espresso and ice cream, some recipes include cream for decoration and ice. Frappe turn appeared as early as 1957, as today is prepared with a specific machine or a shaker, which is broken down 1 spoon coffee and sugar in a little water to afford a foam. Then there was added ice cold water or milk, depending on whether it is black or white frappe.

cappuccino-cup
Based on espresso invented many derivatives mixed drinks such as cappuccino and latte macchiato. Cappuccino is most often prepared from milk warmed broken down to give a foam which is poured carefully into a glass freshly prepared espresso, so that the foam remains on top. For latte macchiato is a characteristic that is prepared from a roasted coffee with milk more. The drink is usually served in a tall glass, so as to see the three layer - milk, coffee and foam. This effect is achieved in warm milk with foam slowly pour hot espresso, which because of the higher temperature is lighter and remains over milk and under the foam.

As coffee species also have ways of preparation, the ins and outs behind each prepared cup almost always start with the same process and end with your personal preferences. It is enough to know the basic proportions and shared tips to enjoy a true dose of your favorite coffee.

Source: economic.bg

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